Clear vision and healthy eyes are important not only to a child’s overall health and well-being, but also directly linked to academic performance in school. While vision screenings given at a child’s school each year may identify children who are at risk for problems with their vision, vision screenings do not test the overall health of the child’s eyes. A professional eye examination, performed by a certified ophthalmologist, tests vision while also evaluating the child’s eyes for more serious conditions and diseases.
Common Pediatric Eye Conditions
In addition to detecting more routine vision problems, such as myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism (abnormal curvature of the cornea), comprehensive eye examinations check for common childhood conditions such as:
- Amblyopia (lazy eye)
- Strabismus (crossed eyes)
- Blocked Tear duct
These conditions are often present at birth because of genetic factors, and should be treated early to reduce the risk of complications. Treatment may include glasses to improve focus, eye exercises to correct improper vision habits, eye patches for amblyopia, or eye drops for dryness, inflammation, or infection.