There is no cure for glaucoma, so treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and preventing further damage. Some of the treatment methods for glaucoma are as follows:
Eye drops or oral medication may be used to either reduce fluid production in the front of the eye or to help drain excess fluid. Side effects of the medication may result in redness, stinging, irritation or blurred vision. Regular use of the medication is needed to keep the eye pressure under control.
Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) and Ciliary Body ablation are laser procedures that aim to increase the outflow of fluid from the eye or reduce fluid production.
Laser Peripheral Iridotomy (LPI) s a procedure designed to release fluid buildup behind the iris in acute angle closure glaucoma.
For glaucoma that is advancing despite medical treatment, more advanced surgery can be required.
Trabeculectomy is a procedure that releases fluid from the eye by way of a small incision under the conjunctiva. A Valve is a plastic shunt that also relieves pressure.
For patients undergoing cataract surgery, a MIGS (micro invasive glaucoma stent) can be combined with the procedure to reduce pressure or dependency on medication.